The Economic Advisory Council, 1930-1939: A Study in by Susan Howson

By Susan Howson

The event of the industrial Advisory Council offers the proper coverage heritage to the Keynesian revolution in financial concept, and to the adoption of the rules of monetary administration in Britain throughout the moment international battle. This learn of this pioneering advisory establishment opposed to the inter-war surroundings of melancholy, monetary situation and restoration is predicated on executive documents, supplemented by way of different modern resources. The ebook bargains with the political and monetary origins of the E.A.C. within the post-1918 decade; the position of the Council and its committees of inquiry because the global hunch started to make an influence on an already depressed British economic system; and the half performed via person monetary advisers within the dramatic occasions which resulted in the autumn of the second one Labour govt and Britain's departure from the most advantageous in 1931. in the course of the nineteenthirties the paintings of the Council was once carried on via the Committee on monetary info, which helped to supply the nationwide executive with options to the advanced and novel difficulties of a post-gold usual global. as well as assessing the importance of the E.A.C. test, the ebook reprints a couple of studies and offers a advisor to the proper files within the public records.

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10 A mood of would-be optimism created by lower interest rates hung over the early meetings of the Economic Advisory Council and persisted through the spring of 1930. Henderson's April 1930 assessment of the economic outlook reflected that mood. ' World-wide depression has been superimposed on our special national difficulties', and ' the fall in the prices of primary products during the last four months is of a most formidable character', threatening British exports to producers of these commodities.

How, in your view, can the Home market be developed, and thus put people in a position to earn a living and to command effective power to consume? 4. How, in your view, can the volume of exports be increased? 5. What, in your opinion, would be the framework of a definite Imperial trade policy as regards markets, tariffs, organisation for the supply and purchase of bulk produce like wheat, etc. ZJ 3. Keynes commented that the first question was a ' highly complicated issue requiring thorough investigation and elucidation '.

When the Labour Government took office, unemployment, though still above the million mark, was lower than it had been a year earlier. * In retrospect, however, there were already signs of an international collapse of commodity prices due to overproduction in the primary-producing countries, and of increasing strain on the world's financial system. The latter was due to the gold sterilisation policies of France and the United States and the drastic cutback in American foreign lending which accompanied the New York stock market boom.

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