By Li Liu, Xingcan Chen
This ebook explores the jobs of agricultural improvement and advancing social complexity within the approaches of kingdom formation in China. Over a interval of approximately 10,000 years, it follows evolutionary trajectories of society from the final Paleolithic hunting-gathering teams, via Neolithic farming villages, and directly to the Bronze Age Shang dynasty within the latter 1/2 the second one millennium BC. Li Liu and Xingcan Chen show that sociopolitical evolution was once multicentric and formed via inter-polity factionalism and festival, in addition to by means of the numerous fabric applied sciences brought from different components of the realm. The publication illustrates how historical chinese language societies have been remodeled in this interval from uncomplicated to advanced, tribal to city, and preliterate to literate.
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Additional resources for The Archaeology of China: From the Late Paleolithic to the Early Bronze Age
This was certainly the case when archaeology was first established in China. Today, although China has become much more secure and prosperous economically, the need for building national identity seems to have not diminished. Therefore, despite growing influences from Western ideology and technology Chinese Archaeology: Past, Present, and Future during recent decades, which in many cases are positive, the general objective for the mainstream of Chinese archaeology has not changed significantly – the discipline is committed to the reconstruction of national history.
Research and teaching were replaced by insurrection, as most junior members of archaeological institutes and students in universities were busy criticizing the senior archaeologists and professors. Excavations never completely ceased, however, as continuing construction projects always required salvage archaeology. It was also soon recognized by the leadership of the Cultural Revolution that archaeology could serve as an instrument of propaganda for political purposes. Sending museum exhibitions of archaeological findings to foreign countries was considered useful to improve China’s international relationships and promote China’s image as a great civilization; evidence of a highly developed material culture recovered from ancient times could reconfirm Chinese people’s national pride; and the wealth discovered from elite burials could be used for mass socialist education, in terms of class consciousness.
Through the oases scattered in these basins lie ancient trade routes, the Silk Road. After the Han dynasty extended its rule through the Hexi corridor (or Gansu corridor) around 2,100 years ago, the Yellow River heartland of China became directly linked to these ancient trade routes and thus distantly connected with remote regions in Central Asia and beyond. The arid climate in Xinjiang has helped to preserve enormous numbers of artifacts and human burials, providing unique opportunities for archaeologists to study ancient ways of life there.