Innate immunity by R Alan B Ezekowitz; J Hoffmann

By R Alan B Ezekowitz; J Hoffmann

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The tomato Cf-5 disease resistance gene and six homologs show pronounced allelic variation in leucine-rich repeat copy number. Plant Cell 1998;10:1915–1925. 154. Jones DA, Thomas CM, Hammond-Kosack KE, Balint-Kurti PJ, Jones JDG. Isolation of the tomato Cf-9 gene for resistance to Cladosporium fulvum by transposon tagging. Science 1994;266:789–793. 155. Johal GS, Briggs SP. Reductase activity encoded by the HM1 disease resistance gene in maize. Science 1992;258:958–987. 156. Cai D, Kleine M, Kifle S, et al.

There are at least 135 NBS-LRR genes distributed somewhat unevenly over the five Arabidopsis chromosomes and at least 208 LRR-TM-PK genes distributed more evenly (Table 1), although genes of both types show a degree of clustering within each chromosome. Despite the large numbers of NBS-LRR sequences, of which several have been shown to function as disease resistance genes, none as yet have been shown to be involved in any other function, whereas LRR-TM-PK and LRR-TM genes have been shown to be involved in a number of other 36 Ellis and Jones Table 1 Number and Chromosomal Distribution of NBS-LRR and LRR-TM-PK Genes in the Arabidopsis Genomea Chromosome NBS-LRRs LRR-TM-PKs 1 5 3 2 4 Total 33 55 15 4 28 135 66 53 33 34 22 208 a Chromosomes are listed in descending size.

Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2000;97:8836–8840. 92. Sessa G, Martin GB. Protein kinases in the plant defense response. ) Advances in Botanical Research (incorporating Advances in Plant Pathology), vol. 32. London: Academic Press, 2000, pp. 379–398. 93. Aderem A, Ulevitch RJ. Toll-like receptors in the induction of the innate immune response. Nature 2000;406:782–787. 94. Bowie A, O’Neill LA. The interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor superfamily: signal generators for pro-inflamatory interleukins and microbial products.

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