Dictionary of Artifacts by Barbara Ann Kipfer

By Barbara Ann Kipfer

Containing as regards to 3,000 phrases and definitions, Dictionary of Artifacts is an fundamental reference for an individual operating in the box of archaeology. Entries aspect artifact’s category and typology; uncooked fabrics; tools and methods of construction; rules and strategies of exam and id; and directions for the care and maintenance of specimens. besides a headword and definition, pronunciations, synonyms, cross-references, and the category/categories additionally accompany every one access Drawings, images, and huge annnotated bibliography are incorporated for extra entire comprehension

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Axhead: cutting or chopping part of an ax. [axehead] axhead roughout: an unfinished, roughly shaped axhead. [axehead roughout] axis of detachment: path of the force that removed a piece from the core of a stone tool, running from the point of impact on the platform of the artifact toward the distal end. axis of flaking: an imaginary line drawn roughly down the middle of a lithic flake as viewed from the dorsal side and extending from the point of percussion, parallel to the direction of striking or the line of force during striking.

Brick: an important building material of individual blocks of clay or mud, some with tempering of sand or straw. Bricks, which are not always rectangular, may be baked in a kiln to terra cotta or sun-dried; the latter are referred to as mud bricks or adobes. The chief building material throughout the Near East has always been mud brick. Bricks can be used as dating criteria, especially when they bear stamped inscriptions. Decorative glazed bricks first appeared in Assyrian times, as at Ishtar Gate in Babylon.

Beveled-rim bowl: a widespread, crudely made conical pottery vessel formed in a mold and having a sloped rim, characteristic of the late Uruk period. Bewcastle Cross: a runic standing cross monument in the churchyard of Bewcastle, Northumberland, northern England, dating from the late 7th or early 8th century. 5 m (15-foot) shaft remains, with distinct panels of the figures of Christ in Majesty, St. John the Baptist, and St. John the Evangelist, while on the back there is an inhabited vinescroll.

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