Destiny and Race: Selected Writings, 1840-1898 by Alexander Crummell

By Alexander Crummell

An enormous 19th-century reformer and highbrow, Alexander Crummell (1819-1898) used to be the 1st black American to obtain a level from Cambridge college. Upon commencement, he sailed to Liberia, the place from 1853 to 1872 he labored as a farmer, educator, small company operator, and Episcopal missionary. Returning to the USA in 1873, he validated St. Luke's Episcopal Church in Washington, D.C., serving as its pastor until eventually 1894. Crummell remained lively within the black group all through his later years and in 1897 based the yank Negro Academy, which he meant as a problem to the ability of Booker T. Washington's accommodationist philosophy. all through his lengthy existence, Crummell was once a prolific, occasionally arguable, and sometimes acerbic author. His pioneering paintings on black nationalism, black self-determination, and Pan-Americanism motivated many African-American leaders of his day, together with W.E.B. Du Bois, who committed a bankruptcy to Crummell in "The Souls of Black Folk". Crummell's surviving papers contain over four hundred sermons and political essays and a voluminous correspondence. regardless of his value to American and African-American background, Crummell is little identified at the present time. aside from the facsimile reprints of 2 of his books within the Sixties, there were no sleek printings of his paintings. This quantity is meant to revive Crummell's voice and to instructed a reevaluation of his writings.

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Destiny and Race: Selected Writings, 1840-1898

An immense 19th-century reformer and highbrow, Alexander Crummell (1819-1898) was once the 1st black American to obtain a level from Cambridge college. Upon commencement, he sailed to Liberia, the place from 1853 to 1872 he labored as a farmer, educator, small enterprise operator, and Episcopal missionary.

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The fragmentary statement is important, nonetheless, for the glimpse it provides of Crummell's sense of closeness to his father and grandfather. Unfortunately this glimpse is all too fleeting and superficial. His characterizations of the various African peoples provide some insight into his prejudices and his race chauvinism, but offer little information on the customs and values of the peoples he describes. Crummell's published reports from Buchanan and Caldwell in Spirit of Missions provide us with better insights and show something of the quality of his life during the later part of his African years.

Its almost incidental appeals to British munificence and the problem of slavery are neither sustained nor specific, and it provides the audience with little information on the condition of either the slave or the free population. C. 310 was apparently Page 15 revised for delivery to a non-British congregation. The version of the text reproduced here, with its detailed descriptions of American racial problems and its appeal to British philanthropy, is probably the speech described in the following report from The Bath & Cheltenham Gazette, 5 July 1848: A Negro Clergyman On Wednesday evening a numerous congregation assembled at St.

Page 18 people who were indigenous to Africa would be best suited to carry the Gospel into their home lands. As he had in "The Greatness of Christ" and elsewhere, he continued to argue that Christianity always went hand-in-hand with civilization. " Crummell's two addresses at the first meeting of the American Negro Academy in 1897 represent his opposition to the materialism of Booker T. Washington. Crummell believed that industrial education was necessary in order to develop a technocratic elite, but he also believed that liberal arts education was necessary for the creation of cultural and intellectual leadership.

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