Culture in Economics: History, Methodological Reflections by Sjoerd Beugelsdijk

By Sjoerd Beugelsdijk

Many economists now settle for that casual associations and tradition play a very important function in financial results. pushed through the paintings of economists like Nobel laureates Douglass North and Gary Becker, there's a huge physique of labor that invokes cultural and institutional elements to construct a extra complete and real looking idea of monetary habit. This e-book presents a entire review of analysis during this quarter, sketching the most premises and demanding situations confronted through the sphere. the 1st half introduces and explains a few of the theoretical techniques to learning tradition in economics, going again to Smith and Weber, and addresses the methodological concerns that have to be thought of whilst together with tradition in economics. the second one a part of the e-book then presents readers with a chain of examples that convey how the cultural method can be utilized to give an explanation for financial phenomena in 4 diverse components: entrepreneurship, belief, overseas company and comparative company governance. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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Additional resources for Culture in Economics: History, Methodological Reflections and Contemporary Applications Hardcover

Sample text

The conception of culture as being produced and renegotiated by individual agents through their actions and practices is typical for contemporary anthropology and cultural studies. ” It is still only occasionally that this interpretation of culture as contested and negotiable enters economics (see Heydeman 2008 for an example). As a consequence of the more dynamic understanding of culture, attention in anthropology has shifted to the social processes of the construction and reproduction of culture, away from the product of this process.

Instead of traditional relations, the market came to be the organizing factor of economic life, if not society as a whole. Commerce acquired a central role in the organization of society, where it previously had been a marginal phenomenon. The breakdown of the old order and its replacement by “capitalism” was by no means a smooth, uncontested process. It first required “freeing” labor from the land to which it was tied, which occurred as a consequence of the enclosures of previously common lands.

One could therefore argue that historicists were confronted with a continuous tension between a concern with specificity and the desire to develop economics into an ethico–political science, requiring moral standards. The position to which they tended was one of cultivation of specific characteristics. Culture thus was differential, but still a product of development. This position is perhaps most clearly taken by Wilhelm Roscher, although in some ways being predecessor rather than member of the Historical School.

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