By Stefanie Stockhorst
On condition that the dissemination of enlightened inspiration in Europe was once regularly effected via translations, the current number of essays makes a speciality of how its cultural model came about in a number of nationwide contexts. For the 1st time, the theoretical version of 'cultural move' (Espagne/Werner) is utilized to the eighteenth century: The intercultural dynamics of the Enlightenment develop into take place within the transformation procedure among the unique and aim cultures, be it when it comes to acculturation, artistic enhancement, or false impression. leading to shifts of which means, translations supply a key not only to modern translation perform yet to the discursive community of the ecu Enlightenment typically. The case stories united the following discover either how translations contributed to the transnational standardisation of sure key techniques, values and texts, and the way they mirror nationwide requisites of enlightened discourses. for this reason, the quantity contributes to Enlightenment reviews, not less than up to to ancient translation reports.
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Extra resources for Cultural Transfer through Translation. The Circulation of Enlightened Thought in Europe by Means of Translation. (Internationale Forschungen Zur Allgemeinen & Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft)
On the paradigms of early modern translation, see Fania Oz-Salzberger, ‘Translation’, in Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment, ed. 181-188; Lawrence Venuti,‘Introduction’, in The Translation studies reader (London 2000), p. 11-20. 16. Johann David Michaelis, ‘Vorrede der ersten Ausgabe’ (1769), in Deutsche Uebersetzung des Alten Testaments, mit Anmerkungen für Ungelehrte. Der erste Theil, welcher das Buch Hiobs enthält (Göttingen and Gotha, Johann Christian Dieterich, 1773), p. xix-xxi. On Michaelis’s translation of the Old Testament, see Jonathan Sheehan, The Enlightenment Bible: translation, scholarship, culture (Princeton 2005), p.
18. , p. 354-355. 50 Christina Oberstebrink on imitation of nature as discussed up to this point correspond with those of Dryden in his Parallel on Poetry and Painting. 19 III. The Poet and the artist versus the servile copyist Although Reynolds explicated his art-theoretical description of imitation in more detail than Dryden did in his Parallel on Poetry and Painting, one finds a corresponding pattern of thought in the Augustan author’s reflections on translation in Preface to Sylvae. Reynolds’s notion of imitation in the pictorial arts bears a strong resemblance to the method of translation with utmost licence termed ‘imitation’, which was popularized in the eighteenth century by Dryden’s description.
This was, however, the task confronted by the translators of Johann David Michaelis’s (1717-1791) treatise on the reciprocal influence of language and opinions. The essay, written in German and honoured in 1759 by the Berlin Academy with its annual prize, contained several references to the art of translation, further developed in other publications by Michaelis. The renowned Göttingen orientalist, whose main project was an original reinterpretation of the cultures of the ancient Near East, translated and annotated works composed in various languages – from English and French to Greek, Latin, Arabic, and Hebrew.