Creolization and Diaspora in the Portuguese Indies by Stefan Halikowski Smith

By Stefan Halikowski Smith

This e-book presents an unique research of the mammoth Portuguese group in Ayutthaya, the manager river-state in Siam, in the course of a interval of obvious decline (1640-1720). Portuguese populations have been displaced from their leader settlements like Melaka and Makassar, and interested in the river-states of mainland South-East Asia by means of a protecting version of kingship, hopes of foreign exchange and the chance to reap souls. a number of resources can be used to make clear the fortunes and makeup of this displaced, mixed-race 'tribe', which was once principally self sufficient of the matrices of Portuguese colonial energy, and fared poorly along different overseas groups during this remarkably open, dynamic setting. conditions replaced for the higher after the nationwide Revolution of 1688, while Portuguese began to fill the various jobs at court docket and in trade formerly occupied through Frenchmen and northerly Europeans.

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III, 32–62. 45 Other Portuguese colonies were contested militarily. 46 In the case of São Thomé, which the Portuguese surrendered on 1 May, 1662, the Dutch persuaded the Golcondan ruler Qutb Shah and his general, Neknam Khan, to lay siege to the town. 48 After turning 45 The two-year diplomatic imbroglio that accompanied the cession of Bombay has not yet been adequately written up. A good number of documents are to be found in Biker, vol. III, culled from the Archivo do Antigo Conselho Ultramarino.

34 Archivo Português Oriental 1992: Fasciculo 3, no. 304. 35 Pyrard de Laval The Voyage, 1887: vol. II, 184. , Lisbon, Cod. 208, fl. 38: ‘Carta Régia ao Vice-Rei’, Lisbon, 9 September, 1645. See Maria Ana Marques Guedes, ‘D. Martim, an Arakanese Prince at the service of the Estado da India and Portugal’s designs for the submission of Burma’, in F. H. Goonatilleka, ‘Two Sinhala princes at the Court of Lisbon in Portugal’, in Ceylon seventeenth century population movements 21 But what of concubines of returning servicemen, slaves, and retainers, and children of the Indies?

Devassas or official inquiries invariably followed major military defeats, and governors, military commanders, even viceroys faced official wrath and on occasion, imprisonment, even banishment to Ceylon. In the case of the loss of Muscat in 1650, Dom Julião de Noronha and the Vedor (the Treasurer) were arrested and sent to Goa where they had to answer for having made arrangements with the Arabs fifteen days before the arrival of relief sent by the Viceroy. 79 The first retreat followed a series of Dutch outrages after their conquest of the fortress and the island on February 21, 1605.

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