By Peter H. Jr. Solomon, Todd Foglesong
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Additional resources for Courts And Transition In Russia: The Challenge Of Judicial Reform
This process will require advances in inter-institutional cooperation (between courts themselves and between courts and executive bodies), strengthening the organizations of judicial self-government, increasing rates of implementation of court decisions, and informing the public of the new remedies available to them. Likewise, improving the training of judges calls for not only curricular reform and new technologies but also less dramatic initiatives such as developing challenging judicial internships for law students and new opportunities for graduates to work as clerks in the courts.
In the long run, a continued dependence of courts upon local sources of funding did represent a potential threat to judicial independence. After all, the local funding was unregulated and completely discretionary, opening the door for all kinds of expectations and tacit understandings. A further problem lay in the division of authority within local and regional governments. 32 Then, too, the funding of courts by the local and regional governments at their levels of the political hierarchy seemed to feed aspirations of political leaders of the subjects of the Federation to assume greater control of their courts, including the right to appoint their judges,33 Without some decisive action by the federal government, it was likely that the emerging pattern of informal and unauthorized supplementary support of the courts by regional and local governments would continue.
There is no question that the development and preservation of a viable federal court system—the only way for Russia to achieve courts independent of local political power—requires a different order of funding from what is now available, and that that funding must be stable and separate from the levels of government revenue. In fact, we would urge the Russian government to privilege its courts and, for the time being while revenues remain low, to treat courts better than other 42 The Independence of Courts and Judges government agencies by providing them with decent and reliable funding.