Confucian China and its Modern Fate: Volume One: The Problem by Joseph R. Levenson

By Joseph R. Levenson

First released in 1958These volumes research glossy chinese language background and its internal technique, from the pre-western plateau of Confucianism to the communist triumph, within the context of many subject matters: technological know-how, artwork, philosophy, faith and financial, political, and social swap. quantity One comprises: · The critique of Idealism· technology and Ch'ing empiricism· The Ming sort, in society and paintings· Confucianism and the tip of the Taoist connection· Eclecticism within the zone of local chinese language offerings· T'i and Yung · The Chin-Wen tuition and the classical sanction· the trendy Ku-Wen competition to Chin-Wen reformism· The function of nationalism· Communism· Western powers and chinese language revolutions· Language switch and the matter of continuity

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Extra info for Confucian China and its Modern Fate: Volume One: The Problem of Intellectual Continuity

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3 Following the Evolution of Western Policing 29 development in the Western world. The origin of modern police can be traced back to the London Metropolitan Police created in 1829 through the efforts of Robert Peel who has been referred to as the “father” of modern policing (Archbold 2013). The contribution of Robert Peel includes an emphasis on crime prevention, the preventive patrol, paramilitary organisational structure, the necessity of wearing police uniforms, and the famous nine principles for the police force (Walker and Katz 2013).

3 Policing in China 30 To improve police-citizen relations and build a positive partnership in police work, the contemporary philosophical transfer toward community policing came in the 1980s. This move was aimed at reducing the gap between the public and the police and establishing a community-oriented instead of a crime-fighting-oriented style of policing. The advent of community policing and problem-oriented policing are due to the fact that the police could never deal with crimes and other security problems without the help and cooperation of the public (Scaramella et al.

According to the People’s Police Law of 1995, there are 14 functions that need to be performed by the police in China. The functions cover a wide range of duties, from criminal investigation, social order maintenance, and traffic control to fire prevention, household registration, and safeguarding important officials 28 3 Policing in China (The People’s Police Law of People’s Republic of China 1995). These functions are only for public security police. Therefore, Wong (2009a) commented that Chinese police perform a wider range of functions than any other police force worldwide.

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