Collection of Lu Yun (Chinese classical literature series) by 陆云

By 陆云

陆云(262年-303年),字士龙,吴郡吴县(今江苏苏州)人[1] ,西晋文学家,东吴丞相陆逊之孙,东吴大司马陆抗第五子。与其兄陆机合称“二陆”,曾任清河内史,故世称“陆清河”。
陆云少聪颖,六岁即能文,被荐举时才十六岁。
太康十年(289年),陆云来到京城洛阳,访得太常张华,得到张华赏识,并介绍给刘道真,日后二陆名气大振。时有“二陆入洛,三张减价”之说(“三张”指张载、张协和张亢)。
后陆云任吴王司马晏的郎中令,直言敢谏,经常批评吴王弊政,颇受司马晏礼遇,先后曾任尚书郎、侍御史,太子中舍人、中书侍郎、清河内史等职。
陆机死于“八王之乱”而被夷三族后,陆云也为之牵连入狱。尽管许多人上疏司马颖请求不要株连陆云,但他最终还是遇害了。时年四十二岁,无子,生有二女。由门生故吏迎葬于清河。

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Extra info for Collection of Lu Yun (Chinese classical literature series) (中国古典文学基本丛书:陆云集)

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Confucius himself in his last years had opposed the introduction of a land-tax scheme in Lu. Rulers and political thinkers also worried about ways of taxing the growing wealth of artisans and merchants. In a world of competing states and mobile people, rulers had to balance their need for tax revenue against their desire to attract, not repel, wealthy merchants and productive artisans and farmers. ” Rulers also were eager to attract wandering shi to their states. Shi sometimes is translated “knight,” and many of the wandering shi were excep- F I R S T E M P E R O R O F Q I N (Q I N S H I H U A N G) • 35 tional archers, swordsmen, strongmen, tacticians, or simply those crazy suicidal “war-lovers” who have their uses in every military establishment.

Is that not heavy? Only with death does the road come to an end. ” (VIII, 7). For Confucius time flowed ceaselessly, like a river: “While standing by a river, the Master said, ‘What passes away is, perhaps, like this. Day and night it never lets up’ ” (IX, 17). People missed chances, mourned, died. But that made the joys of being human nobler, keener. At a particularly bitter and discouraging moment in his travels, the governor of She asked the disciple Zi Lu about Confucius, and Zi Lu told his master he had not 32 • CHAPTER 2 known how to answer.

In some biographies he was represented as a child prodigy, a man of great height and strange appearance, an expert on all kinds of abstruse ancient lore, a semidivine figure of great historical destiny, a high official in Lu who brought good order to that state in a very short time; all quite a distance from the magnificent portrait of moral fervor and human frustration in the Analects. Less at variance with the attitudes found in the Analects were the teachings ascribed to him and his favorite disciples in a number of short texts that were more connected in exposition and more abstractly philosophical than the Analects; traditional Chinese scholars accepted these texts as records of Confucius, but modern researchers believe them to be of later date and not reliable records of the Master’s words.

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