By Bernard Enjolras, Karl Henrik Sivesind
This publication offers a suite of comparative reports of civil society round major concerns: the comparability and research of civil society regimes with regards to assorted buildings of citizenship and welfare states and the function of civil society in governance and energetic participation of voters. the 1st a part of the e-book is anxious with comparisons of civil society institutional frameworks and regimes. during this part the contributions deal with the methods institutional cross-countries comparisons could be undertaken and speak about the level to which universal tendencies or divergent traits symbolize nationwide civil societies. the second one half makes a speciality of the function of civil society as a vector of electorate' participation and as an road for democracy. Democratic citizenship is frequently regarded as requiring, as well as a collection of formal rights and responsibilities, a public sphere during which electorate can actively take part inside and past the nation. development on overseas comparisons the articles during this part speak about the level to and the modalities in which civil society is essential to the functioning of democracy and the obvious workout of citizenship.
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Association of Chief Executives in the voluntary organizations. ACKNOWLEDGMENT The author thanks an anonymous referee for his/her remarks, especially on Scandinavia. REFERENCES Abramovici, G. (2005). La protection sociale dans l’Union Europe´enne. Statistiques en bref, Population et conditions sociales, Eurostat, 14. Anheier, H. (2002). The third sector in Europe: Five theses. Civil Society Working Paper 12. Archambault, E. (1997). The nonproﬁt sector in France. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
The relationship between labor unions and voluntary organizations becomes looser. Other popular movements such as laymen protestant mission, alcohol temperance, women health organizations, farmers, and ﬁshermen movements revived or developed recently. Conversely, other clusters copy the lobbying methods and the advocacy force of the Nordic countries. In this converging movement, the hybrid countries, Italy, Ireland, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and so on, play a strategic role of go-between. 2. The Ambiguity of the Top–Down Movement Coming from European Institutions Through the ups and downs of its history, the European Union tries to bring together the various clusters and stresses that a vibrant nonproﬁt sector, included in a larger social economy, is an important part of its identity.
Archambault, E. (2001). Y a-t-il un mode`le europe´en de secteur sans but lucratif ? RECMA Revue internationale de l’e´conomie sociale, Paris, 182, novembre (pp. 64–83). Archambault, E. (2002). Le travail be´ne´vole en France et en Europe. Revue Franc- aise des affaires sociales, Paris, La Documentation Franc- aise, 56, pp. 13–39. , & Kaminski, P. (2004). Vers un compte satellite des institutions sans but lucratif en France. RECMA Revue internationale de l’e´conomie sociale, Paris, 193 et 194. , & Ranci, C.