Choosing Justice: An Experimental Approach to Ethical Theory by Norman Frohlich

By Norman Frohlich

This e-book provides a completely new solution to the query: "What is fair?" of their radical method of ethics, Frohlich and Oppenheimer argue that a lot of the empirical technique of the common sciences can be utilized to the moral questions of equity and justice.

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249) puts it succinctly: The POP game is in effect played by imagining ourselves in the original position and then choosing principles of justice. Rawls' POPs come to the decisions that they come to simply because they are replicas of Rawls himself with what altruism he has removed and a veil of ignorance clapped over his head. It is not surprising, therefore, that they reach conclusions which he can accept. And there is yet another source of difficulty. Although individuals are severely limited in the particular information they have, they are presumed to have certain general knowledge at < previous page page_18 If you like this book, buy it!

The students were not able to discern the distribution of chits in the bags. Each time the subjects kept the chits so that they could reflect on the consequences of their choices. Judging from the discussions later in the experiment, this procedure had considerable pedagogic impact. < previous page page_38 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Table 3. Example of an Income Class Assignment Chit This assigns you to the following income class: LOW (in Situation A) For each principle of justice the following income would be received by each member of this income class.

To make the $40 credit credible, the amount was written on each subject's payoff sheet. This sheet was a cashable credit slip and was the record of the individual's earnings. Thus, subjects were choosing how to distribute losses from each of their $40 credits. Presumably, this change raised the stakes in the eyes of the participants. But this raise was purely subjective. Individuals were given reason to believe that they could win $40 in Part II (and in fact they could), but the final returns that were available to them were identical to those available to subjects in the 11.

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