China's Scientific Elite by Cong Cao

By Cong Cao

China's medical Elite is a examine of these scientists conserving China's maximum educational honour - club of the chinese language Academy of Sciences. Having performed vast systematic facts number of CAS contributors Cao examines the social stratification method of the chinese language technological know-how neighborhood and how within which politics and political interference has effected the stratification. The publication then is going directly to evaluate the chinese language procedure to the stratification of the united states clinical elite. The conclusions are interesting, no longer least simply because one nationwide elite is living in a democratic liberal social procedure, and the opposite in an authoritarian social process.

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For each project, the MOST appoints one to two chief scientists (normally not older than sixty) who have the authority to decide the direction of the project and the addition of sub-projects, as well as the responsibility for administering budgets and 30 CH I NA’ S SCI E N CE I N P E R S PE C T I V E personnel by working with a project expert committee. An approved project will receive stable funding for five years, with the addition of new researchers, ideas, and sub-projects being factored in.

In 2001, 2,051,822 Chinese 14 I N T RO DUCT I O N were engaged in scientific and technological activities in the areas of natural science, engineering, agriculture, and medicine in institutions of research and higher education and large- and medium-sized enterprises, with 1,324,135 S&Es (NBS and MOST 2002: 16–17, 30–1, and 368). The information on their professional ranks as a whole is not available. Assuming that 40 percent held senior-level positions, it comes to the number of 530,000; and further assuming that one-third of them held full professorship or equivalent titles, the number is 159,000, from whom recent CAS members were elected.

That is to say, the CAS Science Foundation served the function of a national, instead of an institutional, funding agency for research. The successful experiment of the CAS Science Foundation paved the way for the reform of the nation’s research management and for the establishment of a new national research funding system. The March 1985 decision on the S&T reform proposed the enforcement of the science funding system. In February 1986, the State Council decided to expand the CAS Science Foundation into a National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), modeled on the US National Science Foundation (NSF).

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