China: From Empire to People's Republic 1900-49 by Michael Lynch

By Michael Lynch

Concerning the sequence The entry to historical past sequence is the most well-liked and depended on sequence for complex point heritage scholars, delivering: - Authoritative, enticing and available content material - entire insurance of the AS and a degree heritage necessities - layout gains, learn publications and net help to aid scholars in attaining examination luck. concerning the e-book In 1900 China used to be politically undeveloped and economically exploited via western colonial powers. Over the following fifty turbulent years it had rejected its imperial previous, welcomed republicanism, survived eastern career, witnessed civil conflict and embraced a Marxist revolution. those amazing advancements are tested during this publication which mixes a actual narrative with up to date research of the occasions. during the booklet, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and counsel written by means of examiners give you the chance to improve examination talents.

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Extra info for China: From Empire to People's Republic 1900-49

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People's welfare: What is the basic fact about China? lt is the grinding poverty of the Chinese people. Solving the problem of people's livelihood does not stop with the limitation of the size of private capital. More important is the development of national capital, namely the development of government-owned enterprises. We should first have the political power to protect our native industry so that it will not be encroached upon by foreign powers. Sun Yatsen's GMD government set up i n Guangzhou: 1 91 7 Reformation of the GMD: 1 91 9 GMD's southern base established in Guangzhou: 1 920 Sun Yatsen leader of the G MD: 1 920-5 Key What revolutionary programme did Sun Yatsen develop at Guangzhou?

Frightened by the scale of the march, the British commander of the international settlement in the city ordered his forces to scatter the protesters with rifle fire, an overreaction that resulted in 1 2 deaths. The revolutionary parties immediately exploited the outrage among the Chinese to organise further strikes and riots. Attacks were made on foreign legations amid scenes reminiscent of the Boxer Rising (see page 1 3). For days, Guangzhou and Shanghai became impossible to govern. An uneasy peace was eventually restored but the incident had revealed how intense anti-foreigner sentiments had become.

The radical thinkers in the universities turned even more eagerly to revolutionary theory to justify their resistance. What the 4 May Movement did in the 1 920s was to give a sense of direction to radicals and revolutionaries who regarded the ejection of the foreigner as a necessary stage in China's regeneration. Anti­ Western and anti-Japanese demonstrations continued to occur throughout the early 1 920s. The authorities managed to contain the unrest but what they could not control were the growing doubts about the ability of the Republican government to represent China's true interests.

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