China 1839-1997 by Michael Lynch

By Michael Lynch

Supply your scholars the easiest probability of luck with this attempted and verified sequence, combining in-depth research, enticing narrative and accessibility. entry to historical past is the preferred, depended on and wide-ranging sequence for A-level background students.

This title:
- helps the content material and evaluate standards of the 2015 A-level historical past specifications
- includes authoritative and fascinating content
- contains thought-provoking key debates that learn the opposing perspectives and methods of historians
- presents exam-style questions and suggestions for every proper specification to assist scholars know the way to use w hat they've got learnt

This identify is acceptable for numerous classes including:
- AQA: The Transformation of China, 1937-1997
- Edexcel: Mao's China, 1949-76

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Extra info for China 1839-1997

Sample text

I Why did religious missionaries arouse resentment among the Chinese? 2 What led to the Tianjin Massacre in I 870? 3 What consequences followed from the Tianjin Massacre? 4 What factors inspired the development of the self-strengthening movement? 5 What were the main achievements of the self-strengthening movement? 6 From what weaknesses did the self-strengthening movement suffer? 7 How significant was the contribution of Li Hongzhang to China's economic development? 8 In what ways did Sheng Xuanhuai contri bute to the self-strengthening movement?

The southern provinces showed their jealously and dislike of the government in the north by refusing to cooperate in the anti-foreigner challenge. Many of the Chinese provincial and military leaders acted out of self-interest. They ignored the Manchu government's call for a united Chinese resistance, choosing instead to cooperate with the foreign powers by protecting their nationals against the Boxers. The Boxers lacked a sense of common purpose. Their movement was made up of separate groups with little to unite them, save for a common hatred of foreigners.

It required the swift arrival of European gunboats and marines to quell the riot and re-establish order. The angry Europeans in the Tianjin settlements demanded that the Manchu government in Beijing take responsibility. Unwilling to challenge the foreigners at this point, the government bowed before the demand; commissioners were sent to Tianjin on whose orders eighteen of the rioters were arrested and summarily executed. In addition, a special Chinese delegation, led by Li Hongzhang (see page 26), travelled to Paris where, in 1871, it made an abject formal apology to the French government.

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