Castles, Battles, and Bombs: How Economics Explains Military by Jurgen Brauer

By Jurgen Brauer

This ebook most likely won't fulfill readers basically attracted to financial conception, or readers basically drawn to army historical past. yet, as a way to examine army background from a distinct viewpoint, or while you're attracted to how financial thought might be used to envision and assessment a fancy phenomenon (such as warfare), then this publication is especially a lot worthy interpreting. The cross-disciplinary process taken by means of the authors is a welcome switch of velocity, with an research that's assorted from the standard ways taken in books approximately economics or books approximately army history.

The first bankruptcy discusses six monetary ideas that supply the analytical framework for the seven different chapters within the booklet: chance fee; anticipated Marginal expenditures and advantages; Substitution; Diminishing Marginal Returns; uneven details and Hidden features; and Hidden activities and Incentive Alignments. even if the authors use the six rules to examine a variety of elements of army background, a reader should still examine even if the rules may be used to supply a distinct viewpoint on different topic components, corresponding to academic associations, the criminal method, and organizational decisions.

Even if a reader isn't finally persuaded by means of the considerate arguments made during this publication, a reader can reap the benefits of analyzing these arguments and considering them. even supposing i didn't locate many of the arguments made within the publication to be persuasive, i discovered the e-book, total, to be worth interpreting.

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It stands to reason that the things we give up are less valued than the thing we choose. The things we give up are, nonetheless, of value to us, only not as much as the things we do choose. Students easily understand this fundamental principle of economics: attending lectures implies not goofing off (which also has its value); studying for an exam or putting the finishing touches to a term paper implies foregoing yet another wild party (which also has its value, at least to students); spending hours at library research or spending hours in the laboratory imply not spending hours at one’s part-time job (which also has its value).

29 Preference formation and decisions as to what, and how, and how much we value things has become an active area of research for public policy, marketing, psychology, economics, sociology, and other fields of study. Beyond the elementary textbook, this can be a fiendishly difficult subject matter: how, for instance, does one value the existence of whale sharks, redwood trees, avant garde art, or the survival of Papua New Guinean highland cultures? What benefit does one assign? How does one convert each of these into monetary equivalents, so that one can compare the value of whale sharks to the other items on the list of unlimited wants?

Wool and mohair industry, which from 1954 to 1994 received a yearly subsidy, the sum total of which came to billions of taxpayer dollars. 32 Substitution in production is massive and pervasive. So is its flip side, substitution in consumption. S. mohair and, say, Australian mohair. If there are in fact no discernible quality differences (as is often the case in commodity markets such as for metals and agricultural products), so that the benefit to the user is identical, then the user would be expected to go for the cheaper option.

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