Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists by David Millar

By David Millar

This quantity is a useful one-stop reference booklet for an individual short of a short and actual account of the lifestyles and paintings of these who created technological know-how from its beginnings to the current day. The alphabetically geared up, illustrated biographical dictionary has been completely revised and up to date, masking over 1,500 key scientists (157 greater than within the past variation) from forty nations. Physics, chemistry, biology, geology, astronomy, arithmetic, drugs, meteorology and know-how are all represented and particular recognition is paid to pioneer ladies whose achievements and instance opened easy methods to clinical careers for others. This new version comprises contemporary Nobel laureates, in addition to winners of the Fields Medal, the mathematician's an identical of the Nobel Prize. Illustrated with round one hundred fifty pix, diagrams, maps and tables, and with precise panel positive factors, this ebook is an obtainable consultant to the world's admired clinical personalities. David Millar has performed study into the circulate of polar ice sheets on the Scott Polar study Institute, Cambridge, and in Antarctica. He has additionally written on more than a few technology and expertise subject matters, and edited a examine of the politics of the Antarctic. His expert profession has been spent within the oil undefined, largely within the advertising of geoscience software program. He lives in France. John Millar graduated from Trinity university, Cambridge, and has a doctorate from Imperial collage, London. He labored for BP constructing new geophysical tools to be used in oil exploration and construction. In 1994 he co-founded GroundFlow Ltd., which has built electrokinetic surveying and logging as a brand new strategy for imaging and mapping fluids in subsurface porous rocks.

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She learned French from her uncle and mathematics and Latin from her cousin Numa, senior wrangler at Cambridge. An introduction to Mrs Barbara Bodichon, who became a life-long friend, led to her entry to Girton College, Cambridge in 1876, and she sat the Tripos examination in 1880. At this time women students took the examination unofficially within their college; the names of the successful students were not published, nor were degrees awarded. She went to Finsbury Technical College, intending to follow a career of research and invention, having patented in 1884 an instrument for dividing a line into any number of equal parts.

30 S Jocelyn Bell Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842) British anatomist and surgeon: pioneer of neurophysiology. Bell learned surgery from his elder brother John (a distinguished surgeon and anatomist) and at Edinburgh University. He moved to London in 1804 and became well known and liked as a surgeon and lecturer on surgery. He treated wounded from the battles of Corunna and Waterloo. From 1807 he showed that nerves are not single units, but consist of separate fibres within a common sheath; that a fibre conveys either sensory or motor stimuli, but not both (ie it transmits impulses in one direction only); and that a muscle must be supplied with both types of fibre.

He won the Nobel Prize again in 1972, shared with Cooper and Schrieffer, for the first satisfactory theory of superconductivity (1957), now called the BCS theory. Bardeen thereby became the first man to receive the Nobel prize for physics twice. Superconductivity was discovered in 1911 by Kamerlingh-Onnes. A metal brought into this state by low temperature (< 15 K) expels magnetic field and will maintain electric currents virtually indefinitely (it shows zero resistance). Work in 1950 had revealed that the critical temperature is inversely proportional to the atomic mass of the metal, and Bardeen inferred that the oscillations of the metal lattice must be interacting with the metal conduction electrons.

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