Building the Cold War Consensus: The Political Economy of by Benjamin Fordham

By Benjamin Fordham

In 1950, the U.S. army funds greater than tripled whereas plans for a countrywide health and wellbeing care approach and different new social welfare courses disappeared from the time table. whilst, the reliable crusade opposed to the effect of radicals in American existence reached new heights. Benjamin Fordham means that those family and international coverage results are heavily comparable. The Truman administration's efforts to fund its formidable and costly international coverage required it to sacrifice a lot of its household schedule and acquiesce to conservative calls for for a crusade opposed to radicals within the hard work flow and in different places. utilizing a statistical research of the commercial resources of help and competition to the Truman Administration's international coverage, and a historic account of the an important interval among the summer time of 1949 and the wintry weather of 1951, Fordham integrates the political fight over NSC sixty eight, the choice to interfere within the Korean battle, and congressional debates over the reasonable Deal, McCarthyism and armed forces spending. The Truman Administration's coverage used to be politically profitable not just since it appealed to the world over orientated sectors of the U.S. economic climate, but in addition since it used to be associated with household regulations favorite by means of regionally orientated, labor-sensitive sectors that may another way have adversarial it. This interpretation of chilly conflict international coverage will curiosity political scientists and historians involved in the origins of the chilly struggle, American social welfare coverage, McCarthyism, and the Korean conflict, and the theoretical argument it advances might be of curiosity commonly to students of U.S. international coverage, American politics, and diplomacy idea. Benjamin O. Fordham is Assistant Professor of Political technological know-how, kingdom collage of recent York at Albany.

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Extra resources for Building the Cold War Consensus: The Political Economy of U.S. National Security Policy, 1949-51

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Eventually, however, he came to believe not only that the president was fully committed to a smaller budget, as Pace had indicated, but also that the Congress might trim the budget to as little as $10 billion (Rearden 1984,369-71). Whatever his previous feelings about small military budgets, Johnson quickly adopted the effort to trim the defense budget as a personal crusade. He used the budget cuts to gain political allies for his anticipated run for the presidency in 1952. Johnson struck up a friendship with Frank Pace in the summer of 1949, after the budget ceiling had been imposed.

41 Leffler's treatment (1992, 309-10) of the 1949 decisions concerning the fiscal 1951 budget suffers from a similar failure to account for the chronology of events. He contends that the issue of the budget cuts remained unresolved because Truman neither accepted nor rejected NSC 5212, despite the fact that the cuts were included in the January 1950 budget. He then explains the eventual decision to accept NSC 68 in terms of the same events cited by Wells, albeit in much greater detail and with an additional focus on the dollar gap.

We came, I think, to a firm judgment that our course ought to be sharply changed from what it had been. -Charles Murphy, White House Special Counsel, 1949-53 If the decision to reduce the fiscal 1951 military budget is difficult to explain in realist or statist terms, the abrupt reversal of that decision in the spring of 1950 is even more problematic. President Truman's decision to accept NSC 68's call for more military spending is better explained by the requirements of maintaining the political coalition supporting his administration than as a response to particular external shocks.

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