By B.T. Arnold
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Additional info for Babylonian Letters from the Kuyunjik Collection: Seventh Century Uruk in Light of New Epistolary Evidence
This position (x ∼ 600 μm), which is the optimum extraction position of a monoenergetic electron bunch, is close to the end of the gas jet in the experiment. In no preformed plasma case, a QME beam is produced, because matching the length of the laser propagation with the gas jet length is achieved. This result is quite similar to that shown in Sec. 1. 39 17 Electron Acceleration Using an Ultrashort Ultraintense Laser Pulse Electron Acceleration Using an Ultrashort Ultraintense Laser Pulse (a) 60 Position, y [μm] 3 20 0 2 -20 1 -40 -60 Laser amplitude, eEy/cmeωL 4 40 0 (b) 60 Position, y [μm] 40 20 0 -20 -40 -60 -1000 -800 -600 -400 -200 0 200 400 600 800 1000 Position, x [μm] Fig.
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3, the electric ﬁeld is 100 GV/m, corresponding to more than a thousand times as accelerating ﬁelds of present rf accelerators. To explain the principle of LPA, typical particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation results are shown in Fig. 1. 7 × 1019 cm−3 , and the laser intensity of 800-nm light corresponds to the normalized vector potential of 5. A laser pulse propagates along the x −axis and is polarized along the y−axis. The snapshots of electron density distribution (a) and (b), the distributions of the electric ﬁeld along the y−axis corresponding to the laser ﬁeld (c) and (d), and the distributions of the electron density (solid curve) and the electric ﬁeld (dashed curve) along the x −axis (e) and (f) are shown for different laser propagation lengths.