Autism: Understanding the Disorder by Gary B. Mesibov

By Gary B. Mesibov

This quantity is designed to supply a accomplished evaluate of autism for the various knowledgeable and considerate mom and dad, pros, and different involved electorate with an curiosity in those vital concerns. It has grown out of our assumption that there are numerous humans drawn to our box who wish the main up to date info on hand with no need to find and browse in the course of the starting to be literature during this zone. From our college bases, we're lucky in getting access to state of the art information regarding autism and comparable improve­ psychological issues. Our aim during this quantity is to synthesize this data and current it comprehensively and objectively. This quantity is the end result of two years of labor deciding on, organizing, writing, rewriting, and modifying the main updated details to be had approximately individuals with autism, their households, and the state of the art concerning the nature, reasons, underlying mechanisms, analysis, and therapy of autism. we are hoping it is going to aid the numerous pals, colleagues, households, and voters who've expressed their curiosity in a ebook of this sort. v Acknowledgments A undertaking ofthis scope couldn't were accomplished with no the aid of many high-quality acquaintances and co-workers, too a variety of to call. as with any of our expert actions we're indebted to our TEACCH colleagues and the various households and execs we all know in North Carolina, round the usa, and during the global for his or her curiosity, help, insights, and generosity in sharing their rules and observations. we are hoping that our ultimate product displays their many excellent contributions.

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In his new job at the library, he is often praised for his accurate and independent shelving of library books. Ned takes great pride in his work. The library staff readily accepts his meticulousness and methodical 19 20 Chapter 2 work style, and sensitive coworkers are able to redirect or criticize Ned's performance without upsetting him. Keisha is a 5-year-old girl who attends a developmental day care center while her parents are at work. She does not speak. When she wants a particular food or toy, she either grabs it herself or takes the hand of her teacher and puts it on what she wants.

However, there is evidence that this differentiating factor should not be uncritically accepted and that language development in Asperger's Disorder is far from normal. Whereas Asperger placed great emphasis on the impressive-sounding speech of his patients, Wing ( 1981) did not believe that their speech is unimpaired. She found that the content of their speech sounds like an imitation of something heard or read, and it often seems to have been learned by rote. Asperger (1991) described their speech as like that of an adult.

Verbal and Nonverbal Communication There are four criteria under the category of impairment in communication as well. The first criterion is "delay in, or total lack of, the development of spoken language" that is not compensated by the use of gesture or other forms of Definition of the Syndrome communication. DSM-IV defines delay in language development as a failure to develop single words by 2 years of age and short phrases by 3 years of age. So, a child who doesn't say his first word until 18 months would technically not meet this criterion even though children usually develop first words prior to this time.

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