Architecture in the Family Way: Doctors, Houses, and Women, by Annmarie Adams

By Annmarie Adams

Adams argues that the numerous major adjustments visible during this interval have been due to not architects' efforts yet to the paintings of feminists and future health reformers. opposite to the commonly held trust that the house symbolized a shelter and refuge to Victorians, Adams finds that middle-class homes have been truly thought of toxic and hazardous and explores the involvement of physicians in exposing " bad" structure and designing enhanced family environments. She examines the contradictory roles of middle-class girls as either regulators of fit homes and assets of disorder and hazard inside of their very own houses, really in the course of childbirth. "Architecture within the kin method" sheds gentle on an ambiguous interval within the histories of structure, drugs, and ladies, revealing it to be a time of turmoil, now not of development and reform as is frequently assumed.

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37 The embankment o f the Thames - a new rivers edge - was part o f the larger project undertaken by the Metropolitan Board o f Works. 38 These massive public works were a major political accomplishment, following years o f heated public debate. ”39 Water was also employed to clean the streets o f London following the construction o f the sewer system and embankment. The watering carts used before this time had simply dampened the dust and dirt on the streets, but more sophisticated machines were now developed to carry garbage and dirt to the gutter, thereby removing refuse completely from the street by disposing o f it in the sewer system.

The unidirectional movement through the un­ healthy house and the forced exit through the healthy world supplied by manufacturers meant that visitors were obliged to see the models in this “before and after” sequence. The Sanitary Dwelling was thus offered as a corrective to the unhealthy house, just as the Water Pavilion had seem­ ingly corrected the architectural mistakes o f the Old London Street. The difference, o f course, was that the old street represented a situation more than two hundred years earlier than the fair, while the Insanitary Dwell­ ing was intended to represent contemporary domestic architecture.

But Teale and other doctors showed how a house s drainage system effectively demol­ ished the physical separation o f rooms; corroded pipes inside the walls rendered the walls completely useless in fighting illness. Teale s illustra- Adams, A.. Architecture in the Family Way : Doctors, Houses and Men, 1870-1900. : McGill-Queen's University Press, . ppg=54 Copyright © McGill-Queen's University Press. All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. '6 Adding to the fear aroused by the doctors’ warnings was the horrifying reality o f the death rate.

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