By Joseph M. Bessette, John J. Pitney
Bessette/Pitney's AMERICAN govt AND POLITICS: DELIBERATION, DEMOCRACY AND CITIZENSHIP, First version, is predicated at the thought of "deliberative democracy": political structures paintings top while trained electorate and public officers consider to establish and advertise the typical solid. Emphasizing citizenship, the textual content examines the way in which that civic tradition and immigration effect scholars and form the rustic. It bargains sturdy ancient insurance and a detailed examine civic accountability.
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Extra info for American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship
Citizenship and Deliberation Citizenship is a legal status that accords full membership in a political community, but it is also an idea that encompasses civic virtues. These virtues are essential elements of good citizenship and include the following: • Self-restraint, the control of selﬁsh impulses for the sake of the law or the public good • Self-reliance, the achievement of goals through the efforts of individuals, families, and voluntary associations • Civic knowledge, an understanding of government processes, public issues, and social conditions • Civic participation and service, activity for the public good, ranging from voting to enlisting in the armed forces Underlying these speciﬁc virtues is patriotism, both an emotional and a rational attachment to the nation.
Deﬁne democracy and describe the various forms it can take. • Explain the key principles of the Declaration of Independence and describe some ways in which they have inﬂuenced American history. • Describe what liberal democracies are and how they compare to other kinds of political systems in the modern world. • Explain the knowledge that citizens should have to contribute to decisions about the common good in the United States. Joseph C. com OBJECTIVES 2 CHAPTER 1 Deliberation and Citizenship in Service of Freedom and Democracy INTRODUCTION Political scientists typically view politics as the balancing of interests.
Political rhetoric in Congress and elsewhere sometimes seems to be little more than name-calling and partisan sniping. In televised campaign debates, candidates often recite prepared sound bites instead of exchanging views. Campaign ads often cast more heat than light. Although genuine reasoning on the merits of public policy sometimes seems lacking, deliberation is common enough and consequential enough that we can describe American government as a deliberative democracy, however imperfect. As we will show, those who built America’s governing institutions sought to promote rule by reasoned and informed majorities operating through representative 3 Citizenship—a legal status that accords full membership in a political community.