African American Urban History since World War II by Kenneth L. Kusmer, Joe W. Trotter

By Kenneth L. Kusmer, Joe W. Trotter

Historians have committed unusually little consciousness to African American city heritage of the postwar interval, specifically in comparison with prior a long time. Correcting this imbalance, African American city heritage considering the fact that global struggle II positive aspects a thrilling mixture of pro students and clean new voices whose mixed efforts give you the first accomplished evaluation of this crucial subject.            the 1st of this volume’s 5 groundbreaking sections specializes in black migration and Latino immigration, analyzing tensions and alliances that emerged among African american citizens and different teams. Exploring the demanding situations of residential segregation and deindustrialization, later sections take on such themes because the actual property industry’s discriminatory practices, the move of middle-class blacks to the suburbs, and the effect of black city activists on nationwide employment and social welfare rules. one other team of individuals examines those issues during the lens of gender, chronicling deindustrialization’s disproportionate influence on ladies and women’s top roles in pursuits for social switch. Concluding with a suite of essays on black tradition and intake, this quantity absolutely realizes its objective of linking neighborhood ameliorations with the nationwide and international procedures that impact city category and race kin.

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A people mostly accustomed to poverty and equipped with farm skills now pushed their way into the core of the American economy. And other changes followed. 2 This essay explores key dimensions of the Second Great Migration. Less is known about the second than about the first sequence of black migration from the South, and even the basic numbers appearing in encyclopedias and textbooks are often incorrect. New statistical data and new research by historians and sociologists enable us to clear up some of the confusion.

Female incomes became increasingly important but also increasingly difficult as women in the rural South competed for scarce positions, mostly in domestic service. 19 On another dimension, neither Belle Alexander nor Dona Irvin was a typical migrant. Both were better educated than the norm. Belle had graduated from high school. Dona had graduated from Prairie View College, an all-black institution in Texas. As college graduates, she and Frank were part of a tiny minority. 7 percent of adult former southerners living in the North or West had any sort of college experience.

This was the impression developed in fiction as well as scholarship. Richard Wright’s Native Son, James Baldwin’s Go Tell It on the Mountain, E. Franklin Frazier’s The Negro Family in Chicago, and Black Metropolis by St. Clair Drake and Horace Cayton—these classics all emphasized the idea that southerners were poorly prepared for life in the big cities and likely to suffer for it. But recent scholarship has shown just the opposite. Compared to northernborn African Americans, southern migrants did reasonably well during the era of the Second Great Migration, earning slightly higher incomes, maintaining more two-parent families, relying less on welfare services, and contributing less to prison populations than the old settlers.

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