Advances in Virus Research, Vol. 92 by Karl Maramorosch, Thomas Mettenleiter

By Karl Maramorosch, Thomas Mettenleiter

Released considering the fact that 1953, Advances in Virus Research covers a various variety of in-depth reports, delivering a priceless assessment of the present box of virology.

  • Contributions from best authorities
  • Informs and updates on the entire most recent advancements within the field

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L2 was isolated in England by washing the host cultures with phosphatebuffered saline (Gourlay, 1971). Virus production of infected cells is increased almost threefold by ultra violet radiation or mitomycin C (Putzrath & Maniloff, 1978). L2 acquires its lipids, which form the outer membrane of the virion, unselectively from A. laidlawii. It is considered that L2 obtains its lipid envelope during budding from the host cell (Al-Shammari & Smith, 1981). The L2 virion contains major structural proteins of 19, 58, 61, and 64 kDa, but additional minor protein species have been observed (Maniloff, 2012).

1979; Stitt & Mindich, 1983a, 1983b). The acquirement of the membrane from the plasma membrane is an intriguing event due to the release of the virions to the cell interior instead of budding through the plasma membrane. The reason for such an assembly pathway obviously is the presence of the rigid peptidoglycan layer and the outer membrane of the host. The topology of the viral membrane in respect to the NC is particularly intriguing (Stitt & Mindich, 1983b). Either the NC (carrying the external P8 shell) recognizes the P9 batch in the cytoplasmic membrane and inverts to be released to the cell interior or a virus-specific vesicle with P9 and P8 is formed possibly attached to the host cytoplasmic membrane.

1). Fuselloviruses and His1 seem to group together, whereas the long-tailed lemon-shaped viruses might form their own cluster. Currently, STSV1 is the only lemon-shaped virus for which lipids have been detected by TLC. ATV has been considered to be related to STSV1, but does not seem to contain lipids. His1 on the other hand contains lipids only as protein modifications. Similar observations have been made among the helical archaeal viruses. The lipid-containing lipothrixviruses are suggested to have a common origin with rudiviruses, for which no lipids have been detected.

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