A Review of the Scientific Literature As It Pertains to Gulf by Grant N. Marshall

By Grant N. Marshall

Experiences that rigidity can produce myriad healthiness results, and those results can show up themselves as indicators and prerequisites just like those who veterans file.

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Extra info for A Review of the Scientific Literature As It Pertains to Gulf War Illnesses, Volume 4: Stress (Gulf War Illnesses Series)

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SLOSS, WILLIAM M. HIX, AND C. ROSS ANTHONY Psychological and Psychosocial Consequences of Combat and Deployment with Special Emphasis on the Gulf War DAVID H. MARLOWE Page i A Review of the Literature As It Pertains to Gulf War Illnesses Volume 4: Stress Grant N. Marshall Lois M. Davis Cathy D. Sherbourne with David W. Foy Lisa H. Jaycox Leslie Morland Page iii Preface This literature review, one of eight commissioned by the Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense for Gulf War Illnesses, summarizes the existing scientific literature on the health effects of stress that may have affected military personnel who served in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.

Many of these are wear and tear disorders that could be expected in physically active military populations. , tension headache), mild or stress-related anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. 1 (Joseph, 1997). Both the CCEP and VA Registry samples include only those persons who voluntarily sought a medical evaluation from these two clinical programs. Thus, these veterans may not be representative of the total population of troops deployed to the Persian Gulf region. In fact, according to the most recent DoD 2The term "ill-defined" is used in the ICD-9 classification system and refers to symptoms for which a clear diagnosis could not be established.

Presenting a potential threat, danger, change or challenge to one's well-being or survival). If circumstances are perceived by the individual as stressful, then this appraisal will set in motion Page 12 a series of stress-response mechanisms comprised of integrated physiological, behavioral, and psychological efforts to adapt to the environmental demands. Conceptual Models Linking Stress to Poor Health Although differing in minor respects, current conceptual models hypothesize several pathways by which stress might influence illness or disease (Cohen, Kessler, and Gordon, 1995; Cohen and Rodriguez, 1995; Krantz, Grunberg, and Baum, 1985; McEwen and Stellar, 1993; Steptoe, 1991).

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