By Ray Abrahams
In response to box learn in japanese Finland now not faraway from the Russian border, this ebook is an account of the most gains of rural society within the sector. It can pay special consciousness to the adaptability of farming households in a swiftly altering global. topics taken care of comprise marriage and the family members, paintings and mechanization, succession to farms, and the paradoxical blend of fierce individualism and cooperation. significant subject matters of the booklet are the relation among legislations and customized, which isn't continually what it kind of feels at the floor, and the advanced interlocking of farm, family members, and the broader society.
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Additional info for A Place of their Own: Family Farming in Eastern Finland
Chapter 6 analyses the chief patterns of co-operation among villagers both in farming and in other fields of action. There is an element of paradox in such co-operation, since Finnish farmers tend to see themselves as fierce individualists who are poor at collaborating with each other. In fact, they work together a great deal and some even buy machinery together. The chapter explores the important role of trust and choice for their success in this. Less functionally specific patterns of social interaction, such as those involved in visiting and gathering for coffee, are also discussed and are used to highlight the interplay of different and at times conflicting influences and values upon the community and its members.
At the same time, I am conscious of the problems posed by such a task and of my limitations for it. The account I present is based mostly on a reading of the works of others, and it does not claim to constitute a contribution to historical debate. 2 It is also clear that there is commonly no simple uncontested history to be summarised, especially in a society which has seen tumultuous events and sharp and sometimes violent disagreements over fundamental issues within living memory. Finland became independent in 1917 after a long period of inclusion within Sweden and, thereafter, in the Russian empire.
Finnish autonomy was further strengthened at this time in other ways. The Diet met in 1863 for the first time since 1809, and in 1869 the Tsar 5 Jutikkala (1960a, p. 24). 24 A strange eventful history ratified a new Procedural Law which included rules for holding Diet meetings regularly. By the late 1870s the country had also obtained its own official currency in the form of the gold mark. Finnish nationalism was not, however, the only force at work in the political arena during this period. Its most powerful early supporters had been Swedish-speaking intellectuals such as Runeberg, but a new 'Swedish' nationalism also began to develop in its wake.