A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core Vocabulary by Tony McEnery, Richard Xiao, Paul Rayson

By Tony McEnery, Richard Xiao, Paul Rayson

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese is a useful software for all rookies of Mandarin chinese language, offering an inventory of the 5,000 phrases and the 2,000 chinese language characters (simplified) most primary within the language. in keeping with a fifty-million-word corpus composed of spoken, fiction, non-fiction and information texts in present use, the dictionary offers the consumer with a close frequency-based record, in addition to alphabetical and part-of-speech indexes.

All entries within the frequency checklist function the English similar and a pattern sentence with English translation. The Dictionary additionally comprises thirty thematically geared up lists of usually used phrases on quite a few issues akin to foodstuff, climate, trip and time expressions.

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese permits scholars of all degrees to maximise their examine of Mandarin vocabulary in an effective and fascinating means. it's also a superb source for academics of the language.

A CD model is obtainable to buy individually. Designed to be used by way of corpus and computational linguists it presents the whole textual content in a layout that researchers can method and switch into compatible lists for his or her personal study work.

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Moreover, recent work on developments in China and Japan has demonstrated that Latin Christendom did not have a monopoly on the idea of manipulating natural forces for human ends, or on the practice of harsh exploitation of the natural environment. Robert Weller has observed that Mainland China and Taiwan (which can hardly be called Christiandominated societies) did not see any signs of environmental consciousness, environmental protection and a sensitivity to the intrinsic qualities 31 Ernest Benz, ‘I fondamenti cristiani della technica occidentale’, 241, ‘Christliche Endzeiterwartung’, 135.

404. 12 Whitney, ‘Lynn White, ecotheology and history’, 166–167, Flint, Rise of magic, Thomas, Religion. religion and visions on the uses of nature 37 The moderates’ arguments, expounded by scholars such as Ernest Benz and, once again, Lynn White, have been called into question, too. Doubt has been cast on the role played by Christianity and, in particular, the role of monasticism, in the supposed revaluation of manual labour during the Middle Ages. It is a matter of debate whether the status of work and the ‘mechanical arts’ in the Latin West really had changed by the end of the thirteenth century, and whether this change, in so far as it did occur, was causally connected to religious factors.

In contrast to these highly stylized exercises which barely take account of historical evolution, having studied a very long period (the end of the Middle Ages until the middle of the eighteenth century), Blum and Dudley asserted that they had discovered a kind of path-dependent effect 97 Becker and Woessmann, ‘Was Weber wrong’. 26 introduction of religious beliefs on economic growth. They claimed to have found that ‘a small change in the subjective costs of cooperating with strangers’, due to a difference in religious belief, resulted in a ‘profound transformation in trading networks’, which benefited economic growth.

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