A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon

By Christopher Corèdon

An curiosity within the heart a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or in basic terms imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that - even though this sort of declare is necessarily rash. in spite of the fact that, it's been designed within the wish that it'll be of actual support to non-academic readers, and every now and then perhaps even to experts. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin was once the language of the church, legislation and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are usually present in sleek books of background of the interval; equally, the perfect that means of outdated English and center English phrases could elude latest reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that realizing the beginning and evolution of a note provides a greater understanding....

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PLAISIR; ARMS, STATUTE OF; CORONAL; CURTANA Armet. e. with visor, *beaver and *gorget and secured with chin straps. It became the archetypal helmet, used throughout Europe. – Cf. BASINET Armiger. An esquire; orig. a young man who attended a knight by carrying his shield. The Latin form was armigerus. g. when John Leland mentioned in his Itinerary two members of a 14c family, ‘Thomas Golaffre, armiger, … and Syr Morice Brun, knight’. It was the Latin form for what we know as a country squire, a man with land, well-born but not knighted.

The term used to describe jousting in a hostile manner, when injury or death were expected and even wished for. Jousting could also be à plaisir, for pleasure. [< OFr. outrance = beyond bounds, extreme; Fr. à outrance = to the bitter end] – Cf. À PLAISIR; JOUST OF PEACE; JOUST OF WAR À plaisir. Term used to describe jousting for pleasure, as a test of skill, rather than mortal combat. In such an event points were variously scored. – Cf. previous; JOUST OF PEACE; JOUST OF WAR Abacus. Orig. a flat surface or board covered with sand and used as a drawing board by mathematicians; architecturally the top, flat part of a capital (supporting the architrave); latterly the computing device made of rows of beads.

Croup = an animal’s rear] Accrued. Her. Describes a *charge in the form of a full-grown tree. [< L accresco = to grow] Achievement. Her. A word synonymous with the more common ‘hatchments’. It was used esp. of coats of *arms displayed at a funeral, or on the front of the house of one who had died, or before a *tournament, which indicated a particularly distinguished feat of arms. When a monarch died his or her arms were blazoned on a *sable field. Acolyte. A priest’s assistant who carried out lesser tasks, such as carrying candles.

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