By William Woodruff
This booklet investigates the main alterations in international historical past and global economic climate in the past years and explains to what volume global forces were accountable for shaping either previous and current. Its underlying subject matter is the fight for energy within which, because the 16th century, the West has prevailed. the various difficulties of the modern global - together with terrorism - are the legacy of the interval of Western domination. until eventually the increase of the West, and its incomparable effect on each department of human job, the centre of the area has been in Asia. through the 19th century international strength used to be firmly within the arms of the West. America's later upward thrust to global prestige used to be brought on via the 2 international wars. the main sought after of the Western international locations, the USA is now blamed for all of the excesses of an prior colonial age.
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Extra info for A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present
The most formidable challenges to Russia's independence, during the next two centuries, came from the French and the Germans. In 1812 the French seized Moscow, but the Russians refused to surrender. Napoleon's effort to conquer Russia failed. Of the approximately threequarters of a million men who invaded Russia, fewer than 100,000 returned. Wounds, sickness, and the Russian winter accounted for most of the rest. The remnants of Napoleon's army were defeated by a united European army at Leipzig in 1813.
Tawney (1880-1962), 42 place greater stress on the Protestant spirit which enabled both Britain and Holland to outstrip Spain. 43 The trouble with these arguments is that they evaluate Spanish success or failure in French, British, or Dutch terms. Understandably, the Spaniards preferred their own values and their own goals. The fact is that after the defeat of the Armada by Britain in 1588, Spain, its crusading spirit spent, its earlier vigor and vitality lost, preferred to withdraw from the center of the European stage and sleep.
Defeated in the East, Russia continued to press its claims in central Asia. For a long time Russia had had its eyes on the warm waters of the Persian Gulf. In 1907, prompted by the revolution in Persia and the growing German threat in south-west Asia, the Russians and the British had reached a compromise and had secretly divided Persia between them. Without consulting the Persians, the British agreed to exercise tutelage over the south-east, which was chiefly desert, the Russians settled for the entire northern half of the country containing three-quarters of Persia's population.